Haughtiness and arrogantance of Iblees was his downfall. On the other hand, the Quranic exegete Ibn Kathir preferred to regard Iblis as a Jinn, an opinion shared by scholars such as Hasan of Basra, Shi'ite Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq,[41] Fakhr al-Din al-Razi,[40] Ibn Taimiyya and Al-Munajjid, stating in his tafsir: "When Allah commanded the angels to prostrate before Adam, Iblis was included in this command. As for God's statement that he was , it is not to be rejected that everything which hides itself (ijtanna) from the sight is a 'jinn', . [78] Quzat Hamadani relates his interpretation of Iblis' light to the shahada: Accordingly, people whose service for God is just superficial, are trapped within the circle of la ilah (the first part of shahada meaning "there is no God") just worshipping their nafs rather than God. However, there is no general agreement on the root of the term. He argued that since he himself was created from fire, he is superior to humans, made from Clay-mud, and that he should not prostrate himself before Adam. Hasan of Basra was quoted as saying: "If Iblis were to reveal his light to mankind, they would worship him as god. 201–214. Iblis might either be regarded as the most monotheist or the greatest sinner, but remains only a creature of God. By weakening the evil in the Satanic figure, dualism is also degraded, that corresponds with the Sufi cosmology of unity of existence rejecting dualistic tendencies. [59] Due to the unusual usage of the term jinn in this Surah, some scholars conclude the identification of Iblis with the jinn was merely a temporary one, but not the general opinion[60] or even a later interpolation, added influenced by folkloric perception of jinn as evil creatures, but was not part of the original text. Modern Muslims accuse the Yazidis of devil-worship for venerating the peacock. And do not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has not been mentioned, for indeed, it is grave disobedience. Rumi's viewpoint on Iblis is much more in tune with Islamic orthodoxy. When the angels took prisoners, Iblis was one of them and carried to heaven. 1/2, 1995, pp. The term Shaitan is more prevalent, although Iblis is sometimes referred to as Shaitan; the terms are not interchangeable. Iblis, abusing his free-will, disobeyed the command of God. [46] He even regarded himself superior in comparison to the other angels, since he was (one of those) created from fire. Allaah said to Iblees. This comparison causes many problems in homes, when the husband asks his wife to give him what he sees from dissolute women and provocative images are imprinted in his mind. But if he gets the fruit of eternity, every creature will last forever. [4]:69 Due to his fall from God's grace, he is often compared to Satan in Christian traditions. Then Moses replied, obviously Iblis was punished by being turned from an angel to a devil. Sometimes the term nar is better understood as hot light of the sun instead of fire, contrasted by nur referring to cold light of the moon. [87], In Muhammad Iqbal's poetry, Iblis is critical about overstressed obedience, that caused his own downfall. In the name of Allaah, Most Merciful, Most Beneficent! Therefore, Iblis has been created, differing from his fellow angels, from fire, thus God installed a rebellious nature in him, to endow him with the task to seduce humans, comparable as other angels are endowed with tasks corresponding to their own nature[71] and created for this purpose from fire differing from the other angels. Iblees (shaytaan) and the Command to make Sajdah Iblees (shaytaan) lived amongst the angels as a very pious creation. Once an angel, Iblis turned into a Jinn by his act of disobedience. Can you tell me about the beginning of man's creation? Satan embraces him … [28], A famous narration about an encounter between Moses and Iblis on the slopes of Sinai, told by Mansur al-Hallaj, Ruzbihan Baqli[27] and Abū Ḥāmid Ghazzali, emphasizes the nobility of Iblis. So Allah points out here that he was one of the Jinn, he was created from fire, as He says elsewhere. Whereupon Iblis descends from heaven shouting out: "I am a martyr!". [71] Thus, Iblis is seen as an instrument of God, not as an entity who freely choose to disobey. Humayun Saeed (Urdu: ہمایوں سعید ‎; born Humayun Saeed Ansari, 27 July 1971) is a Pakistani actor and producer. However, although he got the outer appearance of an angel, he was still a jinn in essence, thus he was able to choose when the angels and Iblis were commanded to prostrate themselves before Adam. [24] As punishment for his haughtiness, God banished Iblis from heaven and condemned him to hell. 5 Facts about Maimoona (RA) Wife of Prophet Muhammad PBUH January 1, 2021 Maimoona (RA) was the Prophet's wife (PBUH) and is known to be the Prophet Muhammad's last wife (PBUH). There is thus nothing in God's omitting to state what He created His angels from, and in His stating what He created Iblis from, which necessarily implies that Iblis is outside of the meaning of [angel], for it is possible that He created a category of His angels, among whom was Iblis, from fire, and even that Iblis was unique in that He created him, and no other angels of His, from the fire of the Samum. Praise be to Allaah.The devils (shayaateen) are the kuffaar of the jinn. ), (So they prostrated themselves except Iblis. One of them says: I have done this and this. Something similar to what al-Shu’bi understood from this aayah, that having offspring implies having a wife, was also narrated from Qutaadah. [26], Sufism developed another perspective of Iblis' refusal by regarding Muhammed and Iblis as the two true monotheists. He was one of the jinn; he […] [61][62] This idea was supported by the peculiar description of Iblis as created from fire, but not with the same features, the fire of from which the jinn are created. [21] As a mere creature, Iblis cannot be the cause or creator of evil in the world; in his function as Satan, he is merely seen as a tempter who takes advantage of humanity's weakness and self-centeredness and leads them away from God's path. He approaches a peacock and tells him that all creatures will die and the peacock's beauty will perish. After he refused, he was cast out of heaven. According to a narrative provided by Ibn Kathir, Iblis was once an ordinary jinn on earth, but, due to his piety and constant worship, elevated among the angels. Tabari argued for an angelic origin of Iblis in his tafsir: "The reason people held this opinion [that Iblis was not an angel] is that God stated in His Book that He created Iblis from the fire of the Samum (15:27) and from smokeless fire (55:15), but did not state that He created the angels from any like of that. Accordingly, Moses asks Iblis why he refused God's order. Allaah, may He be exalted, says of the accursed Iblees (interpretation of the meaning): “except Iblees (Satan). Satan says: You have done nothing. [22], Iblis is mentioned 11 times in the Quran by name, nine times related to his refusal against God's command to prostrate himself before Adam. [10] Another possibility is that it is derived from Ancient Greek διάβολος (diábolos), via a Syriac intermediary,[11] which is also the source of the English word 'devil'.[12]. Abu Hanifa, founder of the Hanafi schools jurisprudence, is reported as distinguishing between obedient angels, disobedient angels such as Harut and Marut and unbelievers among the angels, like Iblis. [79], Although the serpent is not mentioned in the Quran, Quranic commentaries as well as the Stories of the Prophets added the serpent borrowed from Gnostic and Jewish oral tradition circulating in the Arabian Peninsula.

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